endobj It was introduced in this country by the Persians and Arabs around the eleventh century. It is used to achieve detoxicating effect, to resolve Page 41 the body matter and to treat chronic constipation. To obt … and subsequently developed and expanded by other physicians, … Modern Research have also established the fact that unani medicine are effective in the … Zimaad (medicated paste): semisolid preparations of the crude drugs in powder forms used for local application. Hijamat (cupping) is a method used for local evacuation or diversion of morbid humors in which a horn is attached to the surface of the skin of the diseased part through which negative pressure is created by vacuum. To cure swelling of a particular organ e.g. cupping with bloodletting, 2. The Hellenistic origin of Unani medicine is still visible in its being … Today, India is one of the leading countries in so for as the practice of Unani medicine is concerned. Unani-TIBB System of Medicine. What exactly is the Unani system of medicine? Information about alternative systems of medicine such as Ayurveda, Homeopathy, Naturopathy, Siddha, Unani and therapies such as Aromatherapy, Chiropractic,Hydrotherapy, Magneto therapy, Osteopathy, Reiki, Acupuncture and its practitioners in India <> It was introduced in India by the Arabs and Persians sometime around the eleventh century. The Unani system of medicine involves many therapeutic procedures such as venesection, turkish bath, massage, leeching, exercise and cupping among others. stream The objective of performing Riyazat are enumerated below: To improve Istehala (metabolism) for proper functioning of body. 22. Unani medicine - Unani medicine - Modes of treatment: The initial approach to treatment in the Unani system entails the establishment of a regimen to normalize and balance the external factors (e.g., air, water, and food) involved in ailments and diseases. It was introduced in India by the Arabs and Persians sometime around the eleventh century. prolonged or moderate massages. Principles and Concepts of Unani The basic theory of Unani system is based upon the well- known four - … All the traditional systems of medicine along with Unani System faced almost complete neglect for about two centuries. In the treatment of Falij (paralysis) and Zubool (muscular wasting). – PowerPoint PPT presentation. To reduce Lazoojat-e-Akhlat (viscosity of the humors). To improve dermal nutrition and enhance body texture. Unani system of medicine also benefited from the native medical systems in vogue at the time in various parts of Central Asia. It has the largest number of Unani educational, research and health care institutions. Viral Disease, 2015; 26:225-36 ** Shaksaz EA: Covid-19, it’s prophylaxis and management in the light of Unani System of Medicine. To improve health of the debilitated individuals. It should be coated with talcum and Armenian bole, soaked in vinegar, wrapped with a piece of cloth. Efforts to monitor and regulate traditional herbal medicine are underway. The term Yūnānī means "Greek", as the Perso-Arabic system of medicine was based on the teachings of the Greek physicians Hippocrates and Galen. stream The other three methods are Ilaj-Bil-Ghiza (Dietotherapy) Ilaj-bil-Dawa (Pharmacotherapy) and Ilaj-bil-Yad (Surgery). In case of musculoskeletal problems such as back pain and arthritis, treatment is done by application of heat, cold and suction cups. vera (Sibr) and Commiphora. ��� Today the Unani system of medicine with its recognized practitioners, hospitals and educational and research institutions, forms an integral part of the national health care delivery system. one of the oldest systems of medicine discovered in the South India as a part of the trio It is applied for purification of vitiated humors in Sarsaam (Meningitis), Zaat-ur-Riya (Pneumonia), Zaat-ul-janb (Pleurisy), Irqun Nisaa (Sciatica), Niqras (Gout), Waja-ul Mafasil (Rheumatic Arthritis), Subat Coma, Maalekholia (Melancholia), Khunaaq-e-wabaai (Diphtheria), Bawaseer (Piles), Nisyaan (Amnesia), Waja’-ul-Qalb (Angina Pectoris) etc. Dalak e sulb (hard), Dalak e layyan (soft), etc. During the Caliphate (the political-religious Muslim state that began in 632 CE), the bulk […] 1. Practitioners believe an imbalance in these elements results in disease. India, today, is one of the leading countries having the largest number of Unani educational, healthcare and research institutions. x�+�2T0 BC 434PH��2�30300 �"s�r��F The Greeks had adopted the initial concepts of Medicine (Ṭibb) from Egypt and Mesopotamia and systematized them. Today, India is one of the leading countries in so for as the practice of Unani medicine is concerned. Unani medicine, also called Unani tibb, Arabian medicine, or Islamic medicine, a traditional system of healing and health maintenance observed in South Asia. According to practitioners of Unani medicine, achieving a balance of the bodily fluids known as "the four humors" (blood, phlegm, yellow bile, and black bile) is essential to health. The Unani System of Medicine has a long and impressive record in India. endobj Now Ionia is the west coast region of Turkey. Today the Unani system of medicine with hospitals and educational and research institutions, forms an integral part of the national health care delivery system. To relieve pain and nervous irritability. x�+�00P As0��˥�i�������F <> <> Buqrat (Hippocrates), Jalinoos (Galen), Zakaria Razi (Rhazes), Ibne Sina (Aviccena) and Abu-al-Qasim Zahrawi (Abulcassis). To cure pulmonary diseases as well as renal disorder. This is because every individual possesses specific basic structure, psychic makeup, self-defense mechanism, reactions to environmental factors, likes and dislikes. Minimum area required for setting up Ayurveda, Sidha and Unani Medicine manufacturing unit is 1200 square feet covered with separate cabins and partitions for each activity. Unani medicine believes that by … Treatments, which often include various herbal combinations, are aimed at rebalancing these elements. To cure Sa’fa (baldness and favus), Qooba (ringworm), Mawad-e-Fasida (bad matter), saleel (moles), filariasis(Da-ul-feel), meningitis(Sarsaam), pneumonia(Zaat-ur-riya), To alter the cold temperament or to rectify the temperament of a particular organ, To disperse and remove the putrefactive matters, firmly adherent to the particular organ, To arrest haemorrhage as it retains the flow of blood, To prevent the accumulation of catarrhal matter. ZIMAAD Wa TILA (Ointment and Liniment). fter achieving the target and when they get distended, leeches should be detached by dusting salt borax or the ashes of burnt cloth, wool or sponge. 15 0 obj It was the ancient rulers in the north India who provided patronage to the experts of Unani System and enrolled some scholars as court physicians to help t… PRINCIPLES OF UNANI SYSTEM The Unani medicine is divided into two parts Theory Practice Theory is divided into three parts: The theory of Naturals The theory of Causes The theory of Signs Brought to you by The Nurses and attendants staff we provide for your healthy recovery for bookings Contact Us:-. Slides: 27. endobj Relief from symptoms of anxiety, tension, depression, insomnia and stress as well as back pain, headache, muscles pain and some form of chronic pain. Unani medicine is a holistic system of treatment which fully treats persons suffering from his mental and physical ailments rather than just the symptoms. endobj Unani is based on four humors: Phlegm (Balgham), Blood (Dam), Yellow bile (Safra) and Black bile (Sauda). The Unani System of Medicine offers treatment of diseases related to all the systems and organs of the human body. Ilaj-Bit-Tadbeer (Regimental therapy) is one of the four methods of treatment in the Unani system of medicine. To alter the temperamental state of the organ. General Requirements: 1. The Unani System of Medicine has a long and impressive record in India. To relieve several chronic diseases like Paralysis, Sinusitis, Salpingitis, Arthritis, mastitis, Sleeplessness, Migraine, meningitis, Depression, Tension, Polio and even certain mental disorders. Kabid (liver), Tihaal (spleen) etc. <> To relieve localized or generalized pain. stream However, in the case of deep located organs e.g. It has the largest number of Unani educational, research and health care institutions. As a field, it was later developed and refined through systematic experiment by the Arabs, most prominently by Muslim scholar-physician … Based on the concept of balancing body humors. It plays an important role not only in maintaining good health and prevention of diseases but in curing certain ailments as well. Specific methods as well as drugs have been mentioned in classical Unani literature to achieve the target. Today, India is one of the leading countries in so for as the practice of Unani medicine is concerned. Unani physicians have preferred mikwa (cauterant) made of gold. There has been increased global interest in traditional medicine. 1 0 obj Global status of Unani Medicine. Suda’a (headache), Waja us sadr (chest pain) etc. %���� destructive lesions, removal of putrefactive matter and bleeding etc. The Unani system of medicine gets its name from Unan (Greece) where it originated. The Unani System of Medicine has a long and impressive record in India. To cure Humma-e- Ajaamiya (malaria) and splenic disorders, Bawaseer-e-Damvi (haemorrhoids), Waram-e-Khusiya (orchitis), Iltehab-e-Rahem (metritis), Jarb-o-Hikka (scabies and pruritis), Khuraj (boils),Iltehab-e-Kabid (hepatitis). Unani: Unani System of medicine is based on established knowledge and practices relating to promotion of positive health and prevention of diseases. Number of Views: 1788. The treatments for chronic ailments and diseases of skin, liver, musculo-skeletal and reproductive systems, immunological and lifestyle disorders have been found to … <> In which, liquefied drugs are introduced per rectum by an instrument. 5 0 obj To excrete poisonous matters, waste products and excess of humours through urine. 5. Soft massage is sedative and relaxes the body while prolonged massage reduces the fat of the body; moderate massage develops the body as well as improves and maintains blood circulation of the particular organ; rough friction with a rough cloth enhances vasodilation of the particular organ etc. Ilaj-Bil Tadbeer (Regimental Therapy) consists of Hijamat (cupping), Fasd (venesection), Taleeq (leeching), and Kai (cauterization). It removes excess humours in the same proportion as present in the blood vessels or the abnormal humour or both. stream The system suffered a severe set back during the British rule in India. It treats a person as a whole not as a group of individual parts. cupping without bloodletting. It has the largest number of Unani educational, research and health care institutions. It was introduced in India by the Arabs and Persians sometime during the eighth century. <> The Unani system of medicine is an age old, time tested system of Greek medicine dating back 2500 years. Ilaj-Bit-Tadbeer (Regimental therapy) is one of the four methods of treatment in the Unani system of medicine. Interest in them and utilization of herbal products produced based on them is increasing in developed countries also. To cure mental disorders, e.g. lhhii�`hda�P� Junoon (Mania) and Maali Kholia (Melancholia). 4��ӹҸ Greek Medicine is the traditional, indigenous holistic healing system of Western civilization. R[��k����P��A�3�T���?��4N�:P�4��L�;��^�R�ؘ˟���,Q�>�}��j���Q2ȯW�O��C(y�71��d�$*�2_5F6֖���E�^�;Q�7"����o�7|�LsL�i����e�8��N�d�:5Ҡ2Í{忄'`�J>�pr�>b�fm�ZӨ�O�܈u����c$�wj��.�9v�:�Q�4�. During this period the growth of education, research and practice of Unani system of medicine was retarded and hindered. Unani medicine is ancient Greek medicine that has evolved within the Muslim world for the past 13 centuries. The objectives of Ishaal are given below: Qai (Emesis):-Qai (emesis) is the evacuation of gastric contents through mouth. To excrete the Mawaad-e-Fasida (waste matter) from the skin, blood and other parts of the body. This is one of the best methods for elimination of vitiated humors and waste material from the intestine. اسلاید 1: www.tabaye.ir اسلاید 2: Global status of Unani Medicine Prof. Anis A. AnsariAdviser (Unani Medicine)Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Department of AYUSHGovernment of India اسلاید 3: The Unani System of Medicine originated in Greece and introduced in India by Arab and Persian settlers. Unani drugs for the prophylaxis of Covid-19 *Ganjhu, Rk, et al: Herbal Plants and plant preparation as remedial approach for viral disease. Unani systems of medicine take into account, the complete personality of the person, during diagnosis. Sanitization . x���Mo!����9n�����ñ�ښ�#��4=7���6��ʂ�j������3ðR�5�E$6oK5� \��XV��1�=2p�����������}�a�c ��@3S�Ob�����O2���J䝪����;�[���9a�ܰ��i����GM4��d�!>�ΰr�0nV s�n�!���=AXl��1Cf�K��\�֑��R:��3����d��9n�-7��=L�n4����>ߚ��1��]�9o��ڰۻ}G����LO��h���k��,'鉭3W��'m�bs�c߉��V���U����w�>κ��1oӁA�0l���,dL�"޹0ŝ�ɉ���Ȑ��i����� *�@ڀ*LA*2�µ��0�`ʀf�B�L�,M`� � a Through this method, the flow of matter is diverted to the other side. �F& To combat pain of a particular organ e.g. Hijamat bilashurt i.e. Its origin comes from Greece and especially Hippocrates around 460-377 BC, great physician who proved it to be a real science instead of a make-belief. endstream 2. The Unani medicine uses medicines, dietary changes, drinks, and other regimens such as codes of conduct, which contribute to maintaining and promoting good health and in preventing and curing of diseases. To achieve antispasmodic and detoxicating effect. The objective of performing Dalk are enumerated below: Takmeed (Fomentation):- Takmeed is the process, which keeps the body or part of the body warm. The Unani System of Medicine, as its name suggests, originated in Yūnān - ancient Greece. The Unani system is the same as the Greek system of philosophy of medicine, which began in Ionia in Greece at that time. The other three methods are Ilaj-Bil-Ghiza (Dietotherapy) Ilaj-bil-Dawa (Pharmacotherapy) and Ilaj-bil-Yad (Surgery). If this proves inadequate, then other means, such as treatment with natural medicines, may be recommended. To disperse the matter from affected part. time Unani Medicine has been known as Greco-Arab Medicine. Avg rating:3.0/5.0. To relieve anxiety, insomnia and depression. 3. USES OF UNANI Unani Medicine is unparallel when treating chronic disease as asthma, arthritis, cardiac disorders, mental disorder, urinal infection and digestive disorder. Food is the major source for serving the nutritional needs, but with growing modernization some traditional ways are being given up. x����N�0��~ The objective of performing Takmeed are enumerated below, Nutool (Pouring of medicated water):- Natool (Pouring of medicated water) is a procedure in which the affected part is washed by a stream of water or medicated decoction from a height. In the premature infants, it is found to enhance weight gain and females who were given massage therapy during labour have less agitation, faster delivery and less post partum psychosis. Origin & Development of Unani That is why this system is known, in different parts of the world, with different names such as Greco-Arab Medicine, Ionian Medicine, Arab Medicine, Islamic Medicine, Traditional Medicine, Oriental Medicine etc. Page 5 Leeching draws blood from deeper tissues. endstream Unani Preventive measures. 9 0 obj To transfer the morbid matter (Imala-e- Mawaad). The main purpose of vomiting is to eliminate toxic/morbid material from the gastro-intestinal tract. The vacuum is created by the introduction of heat or suction. Unani is an age old traditional system of medicine which utilizes herb, minerals and animal extracts in treating diseases. ����� Another key principle of Unani medicine is that disease results from an imbalance in air, earth, water, and fire, four elements thought to comprise all that exists in nature, including the human body. Its origin comes from Greece and especially Hippocrates around 460-377 BC, great physician who proved it to be a real science instead of a make-belief. Today, India is one of the leading countries in so for as the practice of Unani medicine is concerned. 1. reduction of contact with infected individual. The objectives of Taleeq are given below: Cauterization is an effective method of treating several conditions e.g. 13 0 obj The system is research-based and incorporates a large number of drugs from Ayurveda and Siddha. The purpose is evacuation of Madda-e-Fasida (waste material). Unani system of medicine is a great healing art as well as science. For this purpose, different techniques are used for treatment of conditions where Imtala-e-Damvi (hyperemia) causes certain problems. The Unani System of Medicine has a long and impressive record in India. A little clay or blood should be smeared in the selected point to enable them stick better. Unani system possesses various medicine which are used for purgation e.g. Unani Medicine, an age old system of medicine which is widely practiced in south Asia, draws on the ancient traditional systems of medicine in China, Egypt, India, Iraq, Persia and Syria. The objectives of Hijamat are given below: Fasd is a procedure in which an incision is given to any of the superficial veins, and blood, containing Madda-e-Fasida (waste material) is allowed to flow. Turbud (Operaculina terpethum), Ghariqoon (Agaricus alba), Saqmonia (Convolvulus scammonia), Aftimoon (Cuscuta epithymum) and oil of Badam (Prunus amygdalus) etc. endobj Ayurveda… To check Kasrat-e-Tams (menorrhagia) and Ru’af (epistaxis). It refers which is based on the teachings of Greek physician Hippocrates(Buqrath), and Roman physician Galen, and developed into an elaborate medical System by Arab. Unani Drugs. Medicinal plants based traditional systems of medicines are playing important role in providing health care to large section of population, especially in developing countries. ‘Unani’ (unani-tibb) is an ancient system of medicine usually practiced in Middle East, as well as the countries from the South Asia. In addition, Unani medicine is partly based on the principle th… The objectives of Tareeq are given below: Idrar-e-baul (Diuresis):- Idrar-e-baul (Diuresis) is one of the important process for evacuation. Information about alternative systems of medicine such as Ayurveda, Homeopathy, Naturopathy, Siddha, Unani and therapies such as Aromatherapy, Chiropractic,Hydrotherapy, Magneto therapy, Osteopathy, Reiki, Acupuncture and its practitioners in India Imala(diversion) of matter from one part of the body to another. Origin & Development of Unani Imala means ‘diversion’ of matter from one part of the body to another. <> 2 0 obj The Unani System has an impressive and encouraging record in India. To maintain normal volume of blood in people who are predisposed to develop the diseases due to excess of blood. Several varieties of Dalk have been recommended in Unani system of Medicine e.g. Thereafter, the Romans further advanced these concepts. 18 0 obj endobj Huqna (enema) is an excellent process for the removal of superfluities from intestine. Ilaj-Bil-Tadbeer is used independently or in combination with other methods of treatment like Ilaj bil Dawa (Pharmacotherapy), Ilaj Bil ghiza (Dietotherapy) and Ilaj Bil Yad (Surgery). As a result, the congestion of the affected part is reduced in a natural way. Hard friction or massage is Mufatteh-e-Sudad (deobstruent) and makes the body firm. Each of the above mentioned methods have been briefly explained below along with their broad indications. The speculum should be subsequently cooled with rose water or several other juices. Description: UNANI MEDICINE Unani medicine is one of the oldest medicine in the world.It is still practiced in all parts of the world but mostly is it practiced in India. To get rid of the superfluities from intestine. They either fell out of balance, which might yield diseases (depending on circumstances), or were restored to balance to heal diseases. Hijamat bilshurt i.e. The objectives of Zimaad/ Tila are given below: Tareeq (Sweating):-Tareeq (Sweating or diaphoresis) is the process to acceelrate the secretions of the sweat glands of the skin. The basic theory of Unani system is based upon the well- known four- humour theory of Hippocrates. endobj Natool (Irrigation) is done with the purpose of acceleration of Ikhraaj-e-mawaad (excretion of morbid material) and Tabdeel-e-Mizaj-e- a’za (alteration of the temperament of an organ), The objective of performing Nutool are enumerated below, Zimaad/ Tila (Medicated Paste/ Liniments):-, Tila (Liniments): a kind of medicated oil used externally for massage whereas. 3 MAY 2013 DEESHA UMESH INTRODUCTION It is a form of traditional medicine widely practiced by Muslims. Dalak (Massage or Friction):- Dalk is a systematic manipulation of body tissues with the hands. To maintain or improve flexibility, co-ordination and balance of the musculoskeletal system and thus strengthen the body as a whole. %PDF-1.3 endstream 4 0 obj To cure disease like Sudaa’ (Headache), Shaqeeqa (Migraine), Iltehaab-e-Lauzatain. Quarentine. <> Ilaj-Bit-Tadbeer (Regimental therapy) is one of the four methods of treatment in the Unani system of medicine. Taleeq is a unique method of removal of Mawaad-e-Fasida (morbid matters). Literally Tadbeer is an Arabic word meaning Regimen (Systemic plan) whereas Ilaj means therapy or treatment. It treats person as a whole not as individual parts. Affluence of working population with changing lifestyles and reducing affordability of sick care, in terms of time and money involved, are some of the forces that are presently driving people towards thinking about their wellness. So Ilaj-Bil-Tadbeer means treatment through regimen, which is a method, through which care of the sick person and maintenance of general health is performed with the help of certain procedures, tools and equipments described by eminent Unani physicians e.g. The most useful contributors to Greek medicine were the great philosophers such as Pythagoras, Hippocrates, Socrates, Plato and Aristotle. 23 Principles Concepts . Unani is a part of Tibb e Nabuvi. Prevention of Immunity, Prevention of Spread of infection, Antiseptic measures, Promotion of general Health. The following are the different types of methods used for the treatment: 4. 3 0 obj The place to be cauterized must be visible so that the cauterization is done satisfactorily after good observation. NUTOOL (Pouring of medicated lukewarm water on affected part), 5. About Unani The origins of Unani medicine are found in the doctrines of the ancient Greek physicians Hippocrates and Galen. myrrha According to this system, what … To relieve the Qai-e-Hawamil (hyperemesis gravidarum). Literally Tadbeer is an Arabic word meaning Regimen (Systemic plan) whereas Ilaj means therapy or treatment. To reduce the Hararat-e-Mufrit (excessive heat). The other three methods are Ilaj-Bil-Ghiza (Dietotherapy) Ilaj-bil-Dawa (Pharmacotherapy) and Ilaj-bil-Yad (Surgery). To resolve inflammatory condition of the adjacent organs. Unani medicine is pseudoscientific. Hakim Ibn Sina (recognized as Avicenna in the west) established Unani medicine as a healing system in his medical encyclopedia The Canon of Medicine. The origins of Unani medicine are found in the doctrines of the ancient Greek physicians Hippocrates and Galen. ‘Unani’ (unani-tibb) is an ancient system of medicine usually practiced in Middle East, as well as the countries from the South Asia. Leeches should be washed first and then applied. Limited prophylactic measure . The selected point of treatment should be washed with a solution of borax and rubbed until get red. Literally Tadbeer is an Arabic word meaning Regimen (Systemic plan) whereas Ilaj means therapy or treatment. endobj Riyazat (Exercise):- Riyazat is a voluntary movement with the purpose of Tanqiya-e-Mavad (evacuation of waste material) for an individual. <> If unani medicines/ayurvedic medicine are manufactured along with ayurvedic medicine/unani medicine additional 400 square feet area is required. The objectives of Idrar-e-baul are given below: Hammam (Bath):- It is a place used for bathing, consisting of several rooms with one room leading to the other with specific provisions and conditions customized according to the disease to be treated. As a field, it was later developed and refined through systematic experiment by the Arabs, most prominently by Muslim scholar-physician Avicenna. To increase the penetration of massage lotion. To absorb fluids or matter accumulated in hypodermic spaces or cavities. To increase Hararat-e-Ghariziya (innate heat of the body). Compound Drugs: Aloe . measures. To relieve constipation particularly in the case of intestinal atony. Unani medicine includes similar theories and principles regarding the role of key elements including air, earth, water, and fire. Unani is the Islamic traditional medicine based on the teachings of Hippocrates, Galen, and Avicenna. Although Unani system originated in Greece, passed through many countries, Arabs enriched it with their aptitude and experience and the system was brought to India during Medieval period. mouth, nose and anus, suitable speculum is required. It was first codified and systematized by the Greek philosopher - physician Hippocrates in the 4th century B.C.E. It was introduced in India by the Arabs and Persians sometime around the eleventh century. 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