A notable tree from the Sundarbans is the ubiquitous sundari (Heritiera fomes), from which the forest gets its name.  In 1950 the Princely State of Cooch Behar merged with West Bengal. School attendance is almost , Stone Age tools dating back 20,000 years have been excavated in the state, showing human occupation 8,000 years earlier than scholars had thought. “Of the 10 parliamentary seats where the non-Bengali population forms 30-40 percent, the TMC lost 6 seats,” says Kolkata-based political analyst and psephologist Biswanath Chakraborty.  All India Radio is a public radio station. According to the 2011 census, there were 658,618 Christians in West Bengal, or 0.72% of the population. Although some early Sanskrit literature mentions the name Vanga, the region's early history is obscure. The Farakka barrage over the Ganges feeds the Hooghly branch of the river by a feeder canal. Janet Levy in her article has presented several facts in favor of this claim, she wrote that “At the time of Partition, the population of Muslims in West Bengal, which was part of India, was slightly more than 12% whereas Hindus in East Bengal who went to Pakistan Today the population of Muslims in West Bengal has increased to 27 percent, in some districts it has gone up to 63 percent, while on the … Indian art saw the introduction of Contextual Modernism in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. , The state's economic recovery gathered momentum after the central government introduced economic liberalisations in the mid-1990s.  Many major industries such as the Uttarpara Hindustan Motors car manufacturing unit, the jute industry, and the Haldia Petrochemicals unit experienced shutdowns in 2014.  Buddha Purnima, which marks the birth of Gautama Buddha, is one of the most important Hindu/Buddhist festivals and is celebrated with much gusto in the Darjeeling hills. West Bengal Population 2021 Census : West Bengal is a state situated in the eastern part of India, which shares its international border with Bangladesh, apart from Nepal and Bhutan. A leather complex has been built in Kolkata. Hinduism constitutes 70.54% of West Bengal population. The leader of the party or coalition with a majority in the Legislative Assembly is appointed as the Chief Minister by the Governor. Rhea Chakraborty Controversy Deepens Bengali vs Non-Bengali Divide In Bengal A real-life Bollywood drama is stoking the dormant antipathy between Bengalis and North Indians in West Bengal. But the hungry Left and Trinamool governments of Votbank never supported them because the Muslims would get angry and votebank would do so. Bagdogra Airport near Siliguri is a customs airport that offers international service to Bhutan and Thailand, besides regular domestic service.  As of 2011, West Bengal had a population density of 1,029 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,670/sq mi) making it the second-most densely populated state in India, after Bihar. At least nine districts in the state suffer from arsenic contamination of groundwater, and as of 2017 an estimated 1.04 crore people were afflicted by arsenic poisoning. There are schemes to distribute Muslim youth from free bicycle to laptop. On this counts, Assam was ahead of West Bengal with a crime rate of 3.7. , In addition, the state is home to Kalyani University, The University of Burdwan, Vidyasagar University, and North Bengal University all well as established and nationally renowned schools to cover education needs at the district level and the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Kolkata.  Popular street foods include Aloor Chop, Beguni, Kati roll, biryani, and phuchka. West Bengal has a conviction rate of 5.3% by its courts, convicting 348 cases of the 6,611 in which trials were complete. Ferries are a principal mode of transport in the southern part of the state, especially in the Sundarbans area.  At night, a cool southerly breeze carries moisture from the Bay of Bengal. People such as Ram Mohan Roy, David Hare, Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, Alexander Duff and William Carey played leading roles in setting up modern schools and colleges in the city. , West Bengal has eighteen universities. Bengal, an ethno-cultural region, was politically divided in 1947 during the partitioning of British India into independent India and Pakistan. One branch enters Bangladesh as the Padma, or Pôdda, while the other flows through West Bengal as the Bhagirathi River and Hooghly River. Auxiliary authorities known as panchayats, for which local body elections are regularly held, govern local affairs.  The gender ratio is 947 females per 1,000 males. KOLKATA: Nearly one in five “Bengalis” — or people who have listed Bengali as their mother tongue in the 2011 census — now lives outside Bengal. ", "Why West Bengal is like Canada, and Bihar like Swaziland", "Bankim Chandra: The First Prominent Bengali Novelist", "Remembering Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay, the 'Awara Masiha, "Manik Bandopadhyay Taking the road less travelled", "Folk & Culture : Purulia, Famous Folk Dance "Chau, "contemporaryart-india – Art History: Bengal Region", "Development of freshwater fish farming and poverty alleviation: A case study from Bangladesh", "Bengalis relish hilsa fish as imports of the Bangladeshi delicacy grow", "Resurrected, the kathi roll – Face-off resolved, Nizam's set to open with food court", "Durga Puja in India: Largest Open Air Art Expo", "Foreign bloggers and travel writers soak in Kolkata's festive spirit – Times of India", "In photos: Glimpses of a Bengali Christmas on Kolkata's Park Street", "Boards of secondary & senior secondary education in India", "UGC recognised Universities in West Bengal with NAAC accreditation status", "West Bengal University of Health Sciences", "Vidyasagar college history, Glory and evolution", "Visva-Bharati: Facts and Figures at a Glance", "NAAC accredited higher educational institution s in West Bengal", "University Grants commission ::Centre with Potential for Excellence in Particular Area", "Some of the distinguished alumni of the University of Calcutta", "Bengali News Channel took 5 months to reach no.1 position", "The Indian Telecom Services Performance Indicator Report April–June 2017", "Kolkata-football infrastructure is from-the past century", "Vivekananda Yuba Bharati Krirangan (VYBK), Kolkata", "Lionel Messi arrives in Kolkata for friendly match against Venezuela", "Poverty and social development in west bengal", "Memoirs of the Revolution in Bengal, Anno Domini 1757", Revolutionary movement for Indian independence, List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate, Autonomous administrative divisions of India, List of cities in West Bengal by population, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=West_Bengal&oldid=998431859#Demographics, Bengali-speaking countries and territories, English-speaking countries and territories, States and territories established in 1947, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Articles containing Bengali-language text, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2015, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. In Darjeeling, which is above 1,500 metres (4,900 ft), temperate forest trees like oaks, conifers and rhododendrons predominate. The Governor is the Head of State appointed by the President of India. , West Bengal produces several varieties of cotton and silk saris in the country. Covering an area of 88,752 km2 (34,267 sq mi), it is also the seventh-most populous country subdivision of the world.  In 2006 the state's healthcare system was severely criticised in the aftermath of the West Bengal blood test kit scam. The situation in at West Bengal in Hindu-majority India, bordering Muslim-majority Bangladesh, illustrates the inherent problems to non-Muslim societies of a growing Muslim population. Janet Levy further wrote that for the first time in 2013 some fundamentalist Maulanas of Bengal started demanding a separate ‘Mughalistan’. Of these 18,452,555 persons are Scheduled Castes (SCs), constituting 23 per cent of the total population of the state.  There are also private bus companies.  Much of the vegetation of the western part of the state has similar species composition with the plants of the Chota Nagpur plateau in the adjoining state of Jharkhand. Handlooms are a popular way for the state's rural population to earn a living through weaving. Bengal's TFR of 1.6 roughly equals that of Canada. , As of 2015[update], West Bengal has the sixth-highest GSDP in India. However, there has been a significant increase in food production since the 1980s and the state now has a surplus of grains. According to a senior leader in the Hyderabad-based party, Owaisi has seen in West Bengal a fertile ground for his expansion plans, as Muslims constitute around 30 per cent of the state’s population. Of the 30 per cent, however, at least 24 per cent are Bengali-speaking Muslims. He was also attacked several times in different cities of the country.  Visva-Bharati University at Santiniketan is a central university and an institution of national importance.  West Bengal receives the Bay of Bengal branch of the Indian Ocean monsoon that moves in a southeast to northwest direction. Bengal was reestablished as a single province in 1912, but two non-Bengali-speaking provinces, Bihar and Orissa in the west and Assam in the east, were split off. Their social reforms eventually led to a cultural atmosphere that made it possible for practices like sati, dowry, and caste-based discrimination, or untouchability, to be abolished. Soon the demand for creating a separate Islamic country in Bengal is going to arise and there is no doubt that the power-hungry Mamata should accept it. Bengali dance forms draw from folk traditions, especially those of the tribal groups, as well as the broader Indian dance traditions. Heavy rainfall of above 250 centimetres (98 in) is observed in the Darjeeling, Jalpaiguri, and Cooch Behar district. The city of Kolkata undergoes a transformation during Durga Puja.  Several Vedic realms were present in the Bengal region, including Vanga, Rarh, Pundravardhana and the Suhma Kingdom.  Recognising its special conservation value, the Sundarbans area has been declared a Biosphere Reserve. The Bengali Hindus form a majority in West Bengal, with a population of 54,218,102 (59%) but a notable section of non Bengali Hindus exist among Marwaris, Biharis, Odias, Nepalis and other tribals numbering around 10,067,444 residing in the state just comprising 10.54% and together the Hindu population in West Bengal is 64,385,546 comprising both Bengali and non Bengali Hindus (although non Bengali Hindus …  Before its renovation in 2011, it was the second largest football stadium in the world, having a seating capacity of 120,000. According to the report of the Local Intelligence Unit LIU, Hassan has been involved in many riots and giving shelter to terrorists. The western part went to the Dominion of India and was named West Bengal. The population is 91,347,736 and is the fourth most populous state in India. , West Bengal is on the eastern bottleneck of India, stretching from the Himalayas in the north to the Bay of Bengal in the south. In West Bengal, 7,820,710 children (0-6) live in rural areas. Although Mother Teresa worked in Kolkata (Calcutta), Christianity is a minority religion in Kolkata as well. (1955). Notable handloom saris include tant, jamdani, garad, korial, baluchari, tussar and muslin.  Vodafone, Airtel, BSNL, Jio, Reliance Communications, Uninor, Aircel, MTS India, Idea Cellular and Tata DoCoMo are available cellular phone providers. The Sundarbans are noted for a reserve project devoted to conserving the endangered Bengal tiger, although the forest hosts many other endangered species such as the Gangetic dolphin, river terrapin and estuarine crocodile. , Doordarshan is the state-owned television broadcaster. , Notable scholars who were born, worked, or studied in the geographic area of the state include physicists: Satyendra Nath Bose, Meghnad Saha, and Jagadish Chandra Bose; chemist Prafulla Chandra Roy; statisticians Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis and Anil Kumar Gain; physician Upendranath Brahmachari; educator Ashutosh Mukherjee; and Nobel laureates Rabindranath Tagore, C. V. Raman, Amartya Sen, and Abhijit Banerjee, In 2005 West Bengal had 505 published newspapers, of which 389 were in Bengali.  Most of the people also consume eggs, chicken, mutton, and shrimp. , The latest Sample Registration System (SRS) statistical report shows that West Bengal has the lowest fertility rate among Indian states. Religions in West Bengal.  Following the Ghurid conquests led by Muhammad bin Bakhtiyar Khalji and the establishment of the Delhi Sultanate, it spread across the entire Bengal region. , The origin of the name Bengal (Bangla and Bongo in Bengali) is unknown. Rabindrasangeet, songs composed and set to words by Rabindranath Tagore, and Nazrul geeti (by Kazi Nazrul Islam) are popular. Apart from this there is a Deemed university run by the Ramakrishna mission named Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda University at Belur Math. Nearly 20% of people in West Bengal live below the federal poverty line, but this has declined from almost 32% just ten years ago. These are the districts where Hindus have become a minority, Next, Janet has written that Mamta has now even started sending terrorism supporters to Parliament. This article has been written as a warning to countries that are opening their doors to Muslim refugees.  Common spices found in a Bengali kitchen include cumin, ajmoda (radhuni), bay leaf, mustard, ginger, green chillies and turmeric. There is a gender disparity in school attendance in the 6 to 14-year age group, more girls than boys are attending school.  Significant strides have been made in reducing unemployment, though the state suffers from substandard healthcare services, a lack of socio-economic development, poor infrastructure, unemployment and civil violence.  Like other states in northern India, West Bengal also has a heritage in North Indian classical music. The state shares its borders with Assam, Bhutan, Nepal, Odisha, Jharkhand, Bangladesh, Bihar and Sikkim.The capital city is Kolkata and it is ever vibrant. State Congress president and leader of the Opposition in the Lok Sabha Adhir Ranjan Chowdhury said Ghosh’s comment was an insult for Bengal. Vivekananda Yuba Bharati Krirangan (VYBK), is a multipurpose stadium in Kolkata, with a current capacity of 85,000.  Kolkata is one of the major centres for football in India and houses top national clubs such as Mohun Bagan Athletic Club, East Bengal Club and Mohammedan Sporting Club. Since over 27 per cent of the population of the state is Muslim, Mamata thought that she must secure this vote bank, and for this purpose took steps that greatly offended the 70.5 per cent Hindu population in West Bengal. , The capital and largest city of the state is Kolkata—the third-largest urban agglomeration and the seventh-largest city in India. Politics West Bengal. The company gained the right to collect revenue in Bengal subah (province) in 1765 with the signing of the treaty between the East India company and the Mughal emperor following the Battle of Buxar in 1764. In early summer, brief squalls and thunderstorms known as Kalbaisakhi, or Nor'westers, often occur. 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This was the first attempt in which Muslim organizations in Bengal started demanding the Islamic blasphemy (Blasfamie) law. Hinduism is the largest religious tradition in West Bengal with 70.54% of the population identifying themselves as Hindus (as per Census 2011). The region was later conquered by the British East India Company at the Battle of Plassey in 1757.. According to Janet, the demand for partition of Bengal from India will soon begin to arise. He has been accused of having links with Pakistani intelligence agency ISI. The Kolkata metro is the country's first underground railway. The state contributes 42 seats to the Lok Sabha and 16 seats to the Rajya Sabha of the Indian Parliament. Folk music in West Bengal is often accompanied by the ektara, a one-stringed instrument. Marwari, Maithil and Bhojpuri speakers are scattered throughout the state; various indigenous ethnic Buddhist communities such as the Sherpas, Bhutias, Lepchas, Tamangs, Yolmosand et… We are the blend of the new and the timeless.  There is moderate unemployment. , As of 2017, West Bengal is divided into 23 districts. East Bengal (Bengali: পূর্ববঙ্গ Purbô Bongo) was a geographically noncontiguous province of the Dominion of Pakistan covering Bangladesh.With its coastline on the Bay of Bengal, it bordered India and Burma.It was located very near to, but did not share a border with, Nepal, Tibet and the Kingdom of Bhutan.Its capital was Dhaka. In August 2016 the West Bengal Legislative Assembly passed another resolution to change the name of West Bengal to "Bengal" in English and "Bangla" in Bengali. There are two branches of government. , West Bengal is governed through a parliamentary system of representative democracy, a feature the state shares with other Indian states. Eden Gardens was one of only two 100,000-seat cricket stadiums in the world; renovations before the 2011 Cricket World Cup reduced the capacity to 66,000. In June 2014, Mamta Banerjee sent a notorious jihadist named Ahmed Hasan Imran as a Rajya Sabha MP on his party ticket.  The high-altitude forests of Singalila National Park shelter barking deer, red panda, chinkara, takin, serow, pangolin, minivet and kalij pheasants. Bengalis, consisting of Bengali Hindus, Bengali Muslims, Bengali Christians and a few Bengali Buddhists, comprise the majority of the population. The state invites musical groups from Darjeeling and other North East India states to perform choir recitals, carols, and jazz numbers. Janet has written this article in ‘American Thinker’ magazine. Finally, take a look at the Y and mtDNA. Pitha, a kind of sweet cake, bread, or dim sum, are specialties of the winter season. Once considered a symbol of Indian culture, what has happened in Bengal today is not hidden from anyone.  According to the Sri Lankan chronicle Mahavamsa, Prince Vijaya (c. 543 – c. 505 BCE), a Vanga Kingdom prince, conquered Lanka (modern-day Sri Lanka) and named the country Sinhala Kingdom.  Other writers include: Bibhutibhushan Bandopadhyay, best known for his work Pather Panchali; Tarashankar Bandopadhyay, well known for his portrayal of the lower strata of society; Manik Bandopadhyay, a pioneering novelist; and Ashapurna Devi, Shirshendu Mukhopadhyay, Saradindu Bandopadhyay, Buddhadeb Guha, Mahashweta Devi, Samaresh Majumdar, Sanjeev Chattopadhyay, Shakti Chattopadhyay, Buddhadeb Basu, Joy Goswami and Sunil Gangopadhyay. Mosques, madrasas and khanqahs were built throughout these stages. , Poush Mela is a popular winter festival of Shantiniketan, with performances of folk music, Baul songs, dance, and theatre taking place throughout the town. 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Chaitanya, Ramakrishna, Prabhupada and Paramahansa Yogananda a current capacity of.. Several large stadiums was last edited on 5 January 2021, at 3,636 m 11,929. Been declared a Biosphere Reserve state government or private organisations, including religious institutions Kolkata is an important.