W. R. Cornish, who was the Madras Superintendent of the 1871 Census, the first organised census in British India, wrote, ... the estimates of the population of Madras prior to 1867 have been so various and the direct Censuses of 1822 and 1863 were so evidently untrustworthy that it had long been found utterly impossible to any satisfactory conclusion as to the actual number of people living in the city. Yellow to orange areas have low population density and red areas have high population density. Population Density of India is 364 per sq km as per census 2011. The Santhome Church, which was originally built by the Portuguese in 1523 and is believed to house the remains of the apostle St. Thomas, was rebuilt in 1893 in neo-Gothic style. [205][206][207][208][209], Chennai, along with Bengaluru, Mumbai and Delhi, is one of the few Indian cities that are home to a diverse population of ethno-religious communities. ", "Chennaite to represent India at Abilympics", "Number of people below the poverty line to increase in city", "Tamil Film Music: Sound and Significance", "Kannadigas outnumber Malayalis 2:1 in Tamil Nadu", "Welcome to Census of India: Census India Library", "K and the city: Why are more and more Chennaiites learning Korean? ; India population is equivalent to 17.7% of the total world population. 55% of the corridors in Phase I are underground and the rest are elevated. [384][385], The major English dailies published in Chennai are The Hindu, The New Indian Express, The Deccan Chronicle and The Times of India and many more. The idea of taking a census of Madras city was first mooted during the Presidency of Elihu Yale. The estuary of this river is heavily polluted with effluents released by the industries in the region. [14] As such, it is termed "India's health capital". [407][408] The Anna Centenary Library is the largest library in Asia.[409][410]. [354] The city is also the base to the World Gold Council's India operations. The result was a failure of NE monsoon in Chennai, that particular year. For example, Monaco, a principality located on France’s Mediterranean coast, is 2.02 square kilometers in size and has around 26,000 people per square kilometer. The current population of India is 1,386,864,002 as of Sunday, January 3, 2021, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data. This was an increase of approximately two million inhabitants compared to the year 2000. Catastrophe, Conspiracy, Celebration. The highest annual rainfall recorded is 257 cm (101 in) in 2005. [109] The average annual rainfall is about 140 cm (55 in). [239] An important cultural centre for Bharata Natyam is Kalakshetra, on the beach in the south of the city. [234] It features performances of traditional Carnatic music by many artists in and around the city. [368] The Chennai–Mumbai and Chennai–Kolkata prongs of the Golden Quadrilateral system of National Highways start from the city. Average literacy rate in Chennai district as per census 2011 is 90.18 % of which males and females are 93.70 % and 86.64 % literates respectively. It consists of 121 police stations and is headed by a commissioner of police. Motor racing events are held on a special purpose track in Madras Motor Race Track, Sriperumbudur,[425] which has also been the venue for several international competitions. Check our other visualizations. [91] Of the 24.87 km coastline of the city, 3.08 km experiences erosion, with sand accretion along the shoreline can be noticed at the Marina beach and the area between the Ennore Port and Kosasthalaiyar river. It handled about 15.2 million passengers in 2013–2014;[65][356][357] in terms of international passengers, Chennai is the third-busiest airport behind Indira Gandhi International Airport, Delhi, and Chatrapati Shivaji International Airport, Mumbai. The first census of any part of the city was taken in 1795 when the population of Blacktown (presently Georgetown) was determined as 60,000. Marina Beach spans 6 km (3.7 mi) between the deltas of Cooum and Adyar, and is the second-longest urban beach in the world. Population Density - Chennai district The total area of Chennai district is 175 km 2 . Population density for this country. ", "How Mandarin has become crucial in Chennai", "Guten Morgen! It was ranked the 43rd-most visited city in the world for the year 2015. The enumeration showed that the number of individuals in the state developed by 15.6% when diverged from 11.7% in the earlier decade. [258] It is estimated that about 400 financial industry businesses are headquartered in the city,[259] half of which are located in the areas of Mylapore, R. A. Puram, Nungambakkam and T. km) is noted in Chennai and its suburban Mathavaram, Ambattur, Alandur, Tambaram, and Shollinganallur taluks, and given the highest weight (Fig. [267][268] Major software companies have their offices set up here, with some of them making Chennai their largest base. According to the 1991 Census, the biggest city was Greater Mumbai, with a population of 12.59 million, followed by Kolkata (11.02 million), Delhi (8.42 million), and Chennai (5.42 million). [225], As of 2017, there are more than 2.2 million households, with 40 percent of the residents not owning a house. The sex ratio is 989 females per 1000 males. Delhi (11,320) turns out to be the most densely inhabited followed by Chandigarh (9,258), among all States/UTs, both in 2001 and 2011 Census. Chennai is home to some of the best educational institutions in the country. Name Status Population Census (Cf) 1991-03-01 Population Census (Cf) 2001-03-01 ... Chennai [Madras] Aggl: 5,421,985: 6,560,242: 8,653,521: [415][416] A cricket fast bowling academy called the MRF Pace Foundation, whose coaches include T. A. Sekhar and Glenn Mcgrath, is based in Chennai. Tamil Nadu is situated approximately between 8° 5′ North and 13° 35′ North latitudes and 76° 15′ East and 80° 20′ East longitudes. [421] Chennai is home to a World Series Hockey (WSH) team, the Chennai Cheetahs. Chennai is by far the most densely populated city in Tamil Nadu, with a density of 26,553 people per square kilometers, very far ahead of the next city, Kanyakumari with … Water is drawn from Red Hills Lake and Chembarambakkam Lake, the primary water reservoirs of the city,[152] and treated at water treatment plants located at Kilpauk, Puzhal, Chembarambakkam[153] and supplied to the city through 27 water distribution stations. As of 2004[update], The Hindu was the city's most read English newspaper, with a daily circulation of 267,349. This architecture includes various styles, such as those of the Pallavas, the Cholas, and the Vijayanagara empires. [283] With 385 ultra-rich living in the city as of 2013, Chennai is positioned in the sixth place among Indian cities that are home to the country's super-rich. Source: Wikipedia, 2020. The population of China is expected to grow by 3,078,000 in 2021 and reach 1,402,197,000 in 2022. In 1843, the bank merged with the Carnatic Bank (1788), the British Bank of Madras (1795) and the Asiatic Bank (1804) and became the Bank of Madras, which was one of the three Presidency banks of India, the other two being the Bank of Bengal and the Bank of Bombay. Chennai is connected to other parts of the state and the Union Territory of Puducherry by state highways. [99] Nearly half of the native plant species in the city's wetlands have disappeared in recent years. [373], When opened, the Chennai Mofussil Bus Terminus (CMBT) was the largest bus station in Asia. An earlier estimate shows that there is a need to generate about 420,000 units for low-income groups by 2016. James Talboys Wheeler, India Under British Rule; From the Foundation of the East India Company, TheClassics.us (12 September 2013), Sir Arthur Lawley, Eloquent Knight Errant, Chapter 6. The city's contiguous satellite towns include Mahabalipuram in the south, Chengalpattu and Maraimalai Nagar in the southwest, and Sriperumpudur, Arakkonam, Kanchipuram and Tiruvallur to the west. [72], After India gained its independence in 1947, the city became the capital of Madras State, which was renamed as Tamil Nadu in 1969. According to the UN, Delhi … [137] Chennai City Traffic Police (CCTP) is responsible for the traffic management in the city. 5 A and Table 6). Chennai is the birthplace of the idea of the Indian National Congress, commonly known as the Congress Party. [246] According to the Confederation of Indian Industry, Chennai is estimated to grow to a US$100 billion economy, 2.5 times its present size, by the year 2025. The hottest part of the year is late May to early June, known regionally as Agni Nakshatram ("fire star") or as Kathiri Veyyil,[108] with maximum temperatures around 35–40 °C (95–104 °F). population density and growth of tamil nadu: The population density of the state of Tamil Nadu is 555 persons per square kilometer. There have also been population estimates by other individuals, notable among them being Sir William Langhorne and Elihu Yale.While an Indian census was not organised until 1871, minor population headcounts of the city were taken by the Madras government on 4-year gaps from 1851-52 to 1866–67. In December 2016, Chennai Metro Rail Limited (CMRL) announced the Phase-2 of Chennai Metro for a length of 104 km consisting of 104 stations, subject to approval from the State and Central governments. Population composition in Mumbai Hinduism continued to be the largest religion in Mumbai with 67.30% Hindu population. [135] Chennai has three parliamentary constituencies—Chennai North, Chennai Central and Chennai South—and elects 24 Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLAs) to the state legislature. [3] The most widely spoken languages are Tamil and English. [245], Recent estimates of the economy of the entire Chennai Metropolitan Area range from $78.6 to $86 billion (PPP GDP), ranking it from fourth- to sixth-most productive metro area of India. [204] Korean, Japanese, French, Mandarin Chinese, Russian, German and Spanish are some of the languages spoken by the 250,000 foreign expatriates residing in the city. [328] Chennai hosts major film studios, including AVM Productions, the oldest surviving studio in India. [343] The horticulture department-owned Semmozhi Poonga is a 20-acre downtown botanical garden. A fifth terminal has been proposed to decongest Chennai Central. [24], Many Koreans in Chennai work for Hyundai Motors and its suppliers. The male population is 2,335,844 and female population is 2,310,888. The port handles transportation of automobiles, motorcycles and general industrial cargo. [12] The Quality of Living Survey rated Chennai as the safest city in India. Delhi. The first census of India taken in 1871 gave a population of 397,552. [276][277] The World Trade Center complex is located at Perungudi on the southern side of the city. Delhi is the most populated city in India. Chennai, formerly known as Madras, city, capital of Tamil Nadu state, southern India, on the Coromandel Coast of the Bay of Bengal. This … [280] The Tamil film industry[281] and the Tamil television industry are also significant parts of Chennai's economy. [339] An estimated 4.5 percent of the city's area is under green cover. [176] The completion of the LIC Building in 1959, the tallest building in the country at that time,[184] marked the transition from lime-and-brick construction to concrete columns in the region. The saint Vayilar Nayanar was born and brought up in Mylapore. This resulted in the city expanding horizontally, unlike other metropolitan cities where vertical growth is prominent. North Chennai is primarily an industrial area. Tamil Nadu covers an area of 130,058 km2 (50,216 sq mi), and is the eleventh largest state in India. On the contrary, the percentage of people who speak Malayalam as their mother tongue has increased from 0.2 in 1901 to 2.2 in 1991 and Hindi, from 0.3 in 1901 to 2.1 in 1991.[14]. The associated Agraharam architecture, which consists of traditional row houses surrounding a temple, can still be seen in these areas. Largest Cities in India # [43][44] However, the name Madras continues in occasional use for the city,[45] as well as for places named after the city such as University of Madras, IIT Madras, Madras Institute of Technology, Madras Medical College, Madras Veterinary College, Madras Christian College. [86] The Buckingham Canal, 4 km (2.5 mi) inland, runs parallel to the coast, linking the two rivers. The Benefits of Empire, Lady Lawley Cottage (Western Australian Red Cross) 2008 iBook, Notes on the Administration of Sir Arthur Lawley, Governor of Madras, 1906–1911. Covelong Beach lies along the Coromandal Coast. India Finance", "The quality of air you breathe in Chennai is worse than in Delhi", "Chennai's air quality takes a turn for the worse", "Growing expat community favour cluster accommodation [sic]", "India Today Best City Awards 2014: Chennai bags top honour", "Chennai named 9th best cosmopolitan city in the world", "Chennai is now part of UNESCO's 'creative cities network, "Meet the Smart Cities: Bhubaneswar, Pune, Jaipur top the list", "Origin And Foundation of Madras | TLPMS", "In India's name game, cities are the big losers", "Road workers stumble upon ancient grinding stone in Pallavaram", "Chennai Coins-the Vijayanagara Connection", "South India Under The Vijayanagar Empire Vol. The literacy rate is 90.18%. [88] Clay underlies most of the city, chiefly Manali, Kolathur, Maduravoyal, K. K. Nagar, Tambaram, Mudichur, Pallavaram Semmencherry, Alapakkam, Vyasarpadi and Anna Nagar. [149][150] In 1944, the party was renamed Dravidar Kazhagam (DK) by E. V. Ramasami (popularly known as 'Periyar'). Urbanization has led to shrinkage of water bodies and wetlands. Madras Boat Club (founded in 1846) and the Royal Madras Yacht Club (founded by Sir Francis Spring in 1911) promote the sailing sports in Chennai, and organise national and international sailing events. Chennai is largely dependent on NE monsoon, since 65% of rains are received in this season. According to Forbes magazine, Chennai is one of the fastest-growing cities in the world and is ranked among the "Forbes-Top 10 Fastest Growing Cities in the World". Only a handful of Hindi speakers appear to have lived in Chennai in 1901 and they did not have a notable presence till the inauguration of the Indian Union in 1950. As of 2011[update], eight transfer stations exist within the city for treating the waste. Population density shows how cramped or spread out inhabitants are. [21] The Korean community in the city continued to grow in the following years, and by 2009, there were about 3,000 Koreans in the city, up from about 700 in 2006. [138][139][140], As of 2011[update] (prior to the expansion of Chennai Corporation area), Chennai city has a sanctioned strength of 14,000 police personnel. [50], The Portuguese first arrived in 1522 and built a port called São Tomé after the Christian apostle, St. Thomas, who is believed to have preached in the area between 52 and 70 CE. Some areas of the city have the problem of excess iron content in groundwater. [170], The Chennai City region has 568 post offices, of which nearly 460 operate from rented premises. The Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium is associated for hosting Football and athletic competitions, it also houses a multi–purpose indoor complex for competition in volleyball, basketball and table tennis. [93] Owing to the geotectonic zone the city falls in, the city is considered a potential geothermal energy site. There was no place of worship till the Royapuram fire temple was built in 1909. Catastrophe, Conspiracy, Celebration. [334], The zoo, beaches and wildlife parks form the primary recreation areas of the city. The Connemara Public Library is one of four National Depository Centres in India that receive a copy of all newspapers and books published in the country. Chennai pronunciation (Tamil: சென்னை), formerly known as Madras pronunciation , is the capital of the state of Tamil Nadu and is India's fourth largest metropolitan city.It is located on the Coromandel Coast of the Bay of Bengal.With an estimated population of 6.96 million (2006), the 368-year-old city is the 34th largest metropolitan area in the world. The 2019 population density in India is 460 people per Km 2 (1,190 people per mi 2), calculated on a total land area of 2,973,190 Km2 (1,147,955 sq. [89][90] The ground water table in Chennai is at 4-5m below ground in most of the areas,[90] which was considerably improved and maintained through the mandatory rain water harvesting system. It can be used as a statistic to show how many people live in that specific area. Growth of population in Chennai city and CMA 3.05 Chennai (earlier called as Madras) was established in 1639, as one of the East ... Population density per Hect. Many of them live in Royapuram. [143], In 2009, Madras Central Prison, one of the oldest prisons in India, built over 11 acres (4 ha) of land, was demolished; the prisoners were moved to Puzhal Central Prison. The city’s COVID-19 case count has been increasing day after day. Known as the ‘Gateway to South India,’ Chennai is a major administrative and cultural center. [27], The name Chennai is of Telugu origin. Sir Arthur Lawley, Eloquent Knight Errant, Chapter 6. After independence, the city hosted the Congress in 1955 in its suburb of Avadi.[148]. Hinduism is followed by a majority of the populace followed by Islam and Christianity. [109] The highest recorded temperature was 45 °C (113 °F) on 31 May 2003. [286] Chennai is home to the first European-style banking system in India with the establishment of the 'Madras Bank' on 21 June 1683, almost a century before the establishment of the first commercial banks, such as the Bank of Hindustan and the General Bank of India, which were established in 1770 and 1786, respectively. [337] The Arignar Anna Zoological Park, one of the largest zoological parks in the world, annually attracts nearly 2 million visitors. [313] Chennai's leading tourist countries-of-origin are Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Singapore, the United Kingdom, France and the United States. Stone age implements have been found near Pallavaram in Chennai. As per data released by Govt. The oldest buildings in the city dates from the 7th and 8th centuries CE, which include the Kapaleeshwarar Temple in Mylapore and the Parthasarathy Temple in Triplicane, built in the Dravidian architecture. [210], In a 2013 survey titled 'Emerging trends in real estate in Asia Pacific 2014', Chennai emerged in the top 25 real estate destinations list in the Asia Pacific region. Question: What is the population of Chennai? [38] However, it is uncertain whether the name was in use before the arrival of Europeans. [431][432] Chennai was the host of the World Chess Championship 2013 match between Viswanathan Anand and Magnus Carlsen. [ 421 ] Chennai has served as an important centre of the few cities in Nādu! Is 4,358,612 while female population is 2,310,888 CMDA are 5 parliamentary and 28 assembly constituencies lies with the following of. 50 percent of India [ 158 ] the city ranks second to Kolkata in having the largest collection Indian... 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Nagar Times, Road. 300 ] providing Commercial and domestic broadband internet services zoo, beaches and wildlife form. The evening dailies are, the population of which also receive financial support the...